Mexico City World Heritage

Mexico City 

​​Heritage Cities
Mexico City

The Historical Center of Mexico City was built on the ancient lake of Mexico, the guiding center of the Aztec empire, which still preserves the elements of the urban structure of the pre-Hispanic city, just as in Xochimilco, where the lacustrine system devised by the AZtecs subsists .

For its historical and cultural value, for being an exceptional example of urban settlement, for confirming the fusion of two cultures, inscribed in the World Heritage List on December 11, 1987.



Maximum work of colonial architecture in the American continent, the metropolitan cathedral of Mexico City stands majestically, in the capital’s zocalo as the largest cathedral in Latin America and one of the most emblematic temples of Christianity in the world. The history of the metropolitan cathedral is also the history of the viceregal Mexico and a stone narrative of its different architectural styles. Built over three centuries, in this work we can recognize Renaissance, Baroque and Neoclassical elements that intertwine harmoniously together form a work of great cultural and spatial wealth unique in its kind. This fascinating temple has a plant in the form of a Latin cross with three main doors towards the capital’s base, 


It is considered the maximum representation of culture in Mexico and the most important monument dedicated to the best of the fine arts in all its manifestations. It offers multiple artistic activities, among which stand out the seasons of the most important artistic groups of the national institute of fine arts, such as the national symphony orchestra, the national dance company, the national opera company, the national theater company and the ballet. folklorico de Amalia Hernandez.


The architectural complex is the result of several stages of reconstruction; For example, in 1523, once the physical destruction of Tenochtitlan was over, Hernán Cortés ordered the construction of his own palace on the same site where the houses of the emperor Moctezuma had lived, who had lived there with about a thousand people. The first viceroy to inhabit it was Luis de Velasco and the last Juan O’donojú who arrived in the new Spain when Iturbide had just consolidated the independence of Mexico in 1821. Years after the consummation of Mexican independence in 1886, campana de dolores was placed, after bringing it from Guanajuato, in the national palace and rang for the first time in the 86th anniversary of the independence struggle, in the year 1896.


Dedicated to Huitzilopochtli and Tlaloc, the main shrine of the Aztecs. It is composed of seven overlapping structures, which turned it into a magnificent construction. The remains of the lower levels are preserved in what is now the archaeological zone of the main temple. The sacred precinct of Tenochtitlan was the place where all the Mexica power and the sacred place where the main Nahuas rites were performed. In 1913, Mr. Manuel Gamio discovered what was the southwest part of the Templo Mayor. In 1933 the architect Emilio Cuevas found part of the staircase and a balustrade that also belong to the temple. In 1984, a wall of serpent heads, skulls and a bracero was excavated and found. In 1978, on the corner of Guatemala and Argentina the workers of the light and force company happened to meet the goddess Coyolxauqui, that according to Aztec mythology was decapitated and thrown from the top of Coatepec hill. The greater temple symbolized to said hill and the course of the day and the night, the daily fight that maintains the sun (Huitzilopochtli) and the moon (Coyolxauqui). To start your tour, what better to take as an introduction to the museum, a tour of the great pyramid, with the temples of Tláloc and Huitzilopochtli, Tezcatlipóca, Quetzalcoatl, the area of ​​the ball game and Tzompantli, all in order to combine the stage , the objects found and your imagination, to return to the past. The museum is shown in a spiral: once you enter, you can not return, since its design makes you follow the path from one room to another without missing any exhibition. You can use the educational services offered here as guided tours, brochures,


The school of San Ildefonso was one of the most important educational institutions of the capital of the new Spain. Its foundation by the Jesuits dates from 1588, as a seminary where the students of the congregation resided. Towards 1618 it began to work under the royal patronage granted by Felipe III, thus establishing the real and oldest school of San Ildefonso. The school of San Ildefonso was one of the most important educational institutions of the capital of the new Spain. Its foundation by the Jesuits dates from 1588, as a seminary where the students of the congregation resided. Towards 1618 it began to work under the royal patronage granted by Felipe III, thus establishing the real and oldest school of San Ildefonso.


The national art museum was founded in 1982 and in the year 2000, it reopened its doors to the public as the MUNAL after an intense process of remodeling and technological and museological updating in the manner of the great galleries of the world. Currently, he exhibits, studies and disseminates Mexican and international art between the sixteenth century and the first half of the twentieth century providing innovative experiences for the understanding and aesthetic enjoyment of his collections and exhibitions in the public. The collection of the museum consists of more than 3000 pieces and has an exhibition area of ​​5500 m2. The National Museum of Art is an institution dependent on the National Institute of Fine Arts and it develops programs of conservation, exhibition, dissemination and study around the artistic heritage of Mexican art. The museum also offers public programs derived from its exhibitions and collections. This contributes to the educational, cultural and dissemination of culture, through workshops, colloquia and publications, among many others. 


One of the oldest streets in the city and nowadays a public and commercial space of first importance in Mexico City, Madero Street is a showcase of the history of Mexico and a pedestrian axis on which are located several of the most important buildings of the Historical Center. With its rich history, relevant architectural heritage and intense commercial and cultural life, Madero Street is undoubtedly one of the most spectacular streets in the world.


The Hemicycle to Juárez is located on Juarez Avenue, in the Alameda Central. It is a cenotaph (empty tomb) built in honor of former President Benito Juárez García. It was built in 1910 on the orders of former President Porfirio Díaz and inaugurated on September 18 of the same year; architectural work of Guillermo Heredia, has a Neoclassical style, is semicircular, strong Greek inspiration is built with marble; It has a height of 7 meters and a weight of 70 tons


Work of the Italian architect Adamo Boari, was built during the Porfiriato. Seen from the street it attracts the attention of the passer-by, not only for its monumentality, but also for its exquisite and original eclectic style.If the exterior of this Palace is sumptuous, inside the visitor receives a pleasant impression of magnificence; on its ground floor for its bright marble floors, the Italian chancellery made of bronze and iron, but particularly for its main hall, which for its beauty invites you to stay in it, its double staircase that invites you to climb it alone for the pleasure of enjoying it, with its luxurious white marble steps, wide footprint and comfortable slope, coupled with that from any height allows us to enjoy the environment of the site.

  • Officially considered the capital of the country. It is located in Mexico City, at an average altitude of 2 240 meters. It has an area of ​​1495 square kilometers, and is administratively divided into 16 territorial demarcations or delegations. Its population is approximately 8.9 million inhabitants; However, when the Metropolitan Zone of the Valley of Mexico is also considered, 20 then totals a total population of more than 21 million inhabitants, which positions it as one of the largest urban agglomerations in the world and the largest in the American continent and the Caribbean. Spanish-speaking world.

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